TUESDAY, Aug. 17, 2021 (HealthDay News) – From 1999 to 2018, racial and ethnic differences in health status, access to care and affordability predominantly persisted, according to a study published in the Aug. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Shiwani Mahajan, MBBS, of Yale New Haven Hospital in Connecticut, and colleagues determined 20-year trends in racial and ethnic differences in health status and access to health care and affordability in using data from the National Health Survey for 596,355 adults from 1999 to 2018.
Researchers estimated that the highest prevalence of poor or fair health was observed among low-income Black people (29.1 and 24.9% in 1999 and 2018, respectively), while the highest prevalence lower was observed in middle- and upper-income white people (6.4 and 6.3 percent, respectively). Regardless of income strata, black individuals had a significantly higher estimated prevalence of poor or fair health compared to white individuals in 1999. No significant changes were observed in racial and ethnic differences in the state. poor or fair health from 1999 to 2018, with or without income stratification, except for a significant reduction in the difference between low-income white and black individuals (−6.7 percentage points); in 2018, the difference was no longer statistically significant.
“Despite a wide variety of social and health care policies and a marked increase in health spending, health inequalities have persisted with modest evidence of progress,” the authors write.
Several authors have revealed financial links with healthcare and other industries.
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