Using Population Health Data and Qualitative Analysis to Guide Local Education Planning and Implementation of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

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Am J Health Promot. 2022 Jan 27:8901171211069128. doi: 10.1177/08901171211069128. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe how local quantitative and qualitative data were used to assess the progress of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP-Ed) interventions in Los Angeles County, California.

APPROACH: Data from the California Health Interview Survey informed the geographic focus of program resources during the planning phase. At the end of the program, semi-structured interviews with stakeholders were conducted to assess the factors that facilitated the implementation of SNAP-Ed.

SETTING: Los Angeles County, California.

PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four project coordinators were interviewed.

INTERVENTION: From 2016 to 2020, 24 organizations in Los Angeles County provided nutrition education, reaching approximately 2 million people. Two hundred policies, systems and interventions on environmental change reached approximately 1.2 million people.

METHOD: Data from the semi-structured interviews were analyzed using both an inductive and deductive form of content analysis. A code book was developed based on the themes identified during these interviews. Each interview was coded by two team members; discrepancies (if any) were resolved by a 5-member group.

RESULTS: Two enablers – support for local health department capacity building and the presence of community partnerships – were identified as critical factors that contributed to the successful implementation of SNAP-Ed.

CONCLUSIONS: A local health department can increase the reach and uptake of the SNAP-Ed intervention by helping funded partners further build their capacity, helping them develop actionable work plans, fostering assessment and engage in sustainability planning.

PMID:35081763 | DOI: 10.1177/08901171211069128

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